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The Tsauchab River

Rivers of Namibia

The Tsauchab River rises in the Naukluft and Tsaris Mountains and flows through the Sesriem Canyon and beyond. It is an ephemeral river that crosses the Namib Desert, but does not reach the ocean because it is blocked by the northern movement of dunes, called Sossusvlei. The name Tsauchab is derived from the Nama language and refers to the 'river where there are many Salsola bushes'. Salsola plants are commonly known as ganna, and are found all along the river and at Sossusvlei.

The low-lying Tsauchab penetrates deep into the sand dune sea, supporting a wider variety of plants and animals than the surrounding dunes and gravel plains can on their own. The bitter plant grows in the river, it has green leaves and although it is a bit of a drab looking plant, it binds and stabilities the sand. It can also be found on road verges and the bitter bush can be an indicator of heavy grazing. Meat and milk of animals who have fed on the bitter bush develop an unpleasant bitter taste – hence the name! Crush a leaf and you will smell a strong, herb-like aroma. Lappet-faced vultures use the thin, strong, lightweight stems to build nests. The small, pretty flowers are a reddish-purple and the dried flower heads resemble fluffy bristles.

Springbok and gemsbok feed on large tufts of river Bushman grass that grow in the Tsauchab's river bed. This drought-resistant climax grass, can reach up to 2m high and like the bitter bush it stabilizes the silt, sand and organic material. Larger trees of the river are the camelthorn and buffalo thorn, with associated hollows, where animals such as gemsbok, hyena and jackal shelter from the dominant south-west wind of the former.

The false ebony tree also grows on the Tsauchab. It is a medium-sized tree with drooping branches and is an important shade tree; stock and game browse the foliage. Male and female flowers are on separate plants and the small pea-like black fruit is edible, although not very tasty by all accounts, but the birds love them, especially when they turn brown. The heartwood is another tree growing on the Tsauchab, it is black and hard, hence the name, thornless and evergreen, and it is recommended for gardens, growing easily from seed and requiring very little water.

The ringwood grows on the riverbank as does a smelly shepherd's tree. On the banks there are several large specimens of leafless cadaba, Cadaba aphylla. This is a twiggy, tangled shrub or small tree, with long leafless branches. The butterfly leaf is another well-browsed plant, favoured by many animals and the plants are well-utilized, even the thinner stems are eaten.

The common thorn apple, Datura stramonium, originally from north America, is a large-leafed plant growing in the river bed. The flowers are large, up to 10cm long, with white, mauve or pinkish petals. The seedpods are an ovoid capsule with many spines.

An unusual plant in the area is a large sycamore fig, one of the larges fig trees in southern Africa (5-25m). It has characteristic large sandpapery leaves, the figs are about 2.5cm in diameter and are eaten by birds and mammals. The leaves, bark and latex are used to treat a number of ailments. In days gone by, the bark was used for tanning and dying skins.

Rivers of Namibia

  • Tsauchab River:  In Flood
  • Tsauchab River:  Flowing
  • Tsauchab River: Water In Dunes
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Agama River Camp

Lovely rooms with rooftop terraces or a choice of campsites around 45km north of Sesriem

Desert Camp

Competitively priced self catering lodge - very close to the entrance to the Namib Naukluft Park

Desert Homestead

Mid-range accommodation offering some of the best value for money in the area. Horse riding an added activity

Desert Homestead Outpost

A new addition on the same property as the Desert Homestead. Hiking & riding are popular activities here

Desert Quiver Camp

Well equipped rooms with self catering kitchens only 5 kilometers from the entrance gate to Sossusvlei. Kitchen utensils can be rented on site

Elegant Desert Lodge

A budget choice, catering for both larger groups and individual travellers

Dune Star Camp | Hiking

These rustic wooden cabins can only be reached as part of a guided walking trail originating at Namib Desert Lodge. perfect for those wanting to explore the desert on foot

Greenfire Desert Lodge

A small intimate lodge in an amazing part of the Namib Desert. While the lodge can be used as a base from which to visit the dunes at Sossusvlei, the tranquil and beautiful environment make it a destination in it's own right

Hoodia Desert Lodge

Mid range lodge located only 22km from the Sesriem gate to the Namib-Naukluft Park

Kulala Desert Lodge

Up-market lodge with private entrance to the dunes at Sossusvlei

Le Mirage Desert Lodge & Spa

Moroccan inspired architecture seems strangely out of place in Namibia. The location, spa and general amenities are good.

Little Kulala

Luxury lodge with guided tour to the dunes using the lodges own private entrance, excellent choice for those looking for a little extra luxury

Little Sossus Lodge

Reasonable value for money - on the main route to Sossusvlei

Moon Mountain Lodge

A new hotel with raised rooms built on wooden platforms 40km from Sesriem

Namib Desert Lodge

Budget choice, fairly far from the dunes and next to the fossil dune cliffs

Namib Naukluft Lodge

Good solid choice, on a beautiful property some distance from the park entrance

Sesriem Campsite

This campsite offer the closest place to stay to the dunes - camping only

Soft Adventure Camp

A combination of permanent structures and canvas make this an interesting choice for the budget conscious traveller

Sossus Dune Lodge

The only lodge inside the borders of the national park. Allows for extra early visits to the Sossusvlei dunes

Sossusvlei Desert Lodge

Most luxurious lodge in the area, air-conditioned rooms and top of the range guiding

Sossusvlei Lodge

Large establishment right next to the Sesriem Campsite, best for keeping driving to a minimum

Weltevrede Rest Camp

A friendly owner run lodge offering excellent value for money. Rooms have private veranda's offering views of sunsets over the Namib Desert dunes & spot-lit waterhole.

Nambian Hotels

Car Hire | Namibia