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Rocks & Minerals | Namibia

Introduction: Hematite is a deep red coloured iron oxide mineral, hence the Greek name 'aima' meaning 'blood'. A relatively common mineral, on occasions it forms striking bright silver crystals. It is found in a variety of rocks. Iron from hematite is used to make steels and alloys.

Distribution: Kalkveld Complex, the Otjosondu manganese field, the basalt cavities in the Gobosobeb Mountains west of Brandberg and in the Erongo Mountain pegmatites.

Composition: Oxide.

Crystal system: Hexagonal.

Lustre: Submetallic, metallic.

Streak: Red to brownish-red.

Hardness: 5-6.

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